Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
336

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: At
various times, called Strophariaferrii Bres. or
Stropharia irnaiana Benedix.
Description: Cap 4-13 cm. reddish brown at
first, fading in age, broadly convex to plane at
maturity. Margin incurved at first, connected
by a thick, membranous veil. Veil breaking
with age to form a thick membranous ring radi-

ally split with gill-like ridges, usually darkened with spores. Teeth-like veil remnants
often seen at the time the ring separates from
the cap. Stem thick, equal, enlarging towards
the base where thick, white radiating

Figure 296. S. rugoso-annulata fruiting from wheat
straw topped ("cased") with a layer of soil.

rhizomorphs extend.
like New York, New
Distribution: This mushroom is especially common in the mid-Atlantic states
America in 1922, this mushroom is
Jersey, and Massachusetts. Although first described from North
mushroom
probably
became widely distributed
now found in Europe, New Zealand and Japan. This
deposited
a strain in the culture lithrough the export of ornamentals and wood chips.Yokoyama has
30225)
isolated from rice
IFO
brary of the American Type Culture Collection (ATCC # 42263 =
straw.

in soils rich in
Natural Habitat: In hardwood forests and/or amongst hardwood debris or

outdoor urban!
undecomposed woody matter, especially common in the wood chip mulch used in
suburban plantings of ornamentals.
print, measuring 11-13 x
Microscopic Features: Spores purple brown, giving a purplish black spore
7.5-8 p, smooth, ellipsoid. Clamp connections present.
widely distributed strain
Available Strains: "Vinnetou," a popular European strain and "Olympia", a
from the Pacific Northwest of North America
aerial, comparatively slow
Mycelial Characteristics: Whitish, linear to longitudinally radial, not
in
nature.
Under sterile condigrowing. Mycelium in culture lacks the pronounced rhizomorphs seen
differentiated plateau-like
tions, the mycelium is cottony, not aerial, and often flattens with
becomes aerial.)After proformations. (If the culture dishes are taped with Parafilm ®, the mycelium
metabolic
exudate. If not
longed incubation on grain, the mycelium secretes a clear, yellow,
jeopardizes
the vitransferred to new media and allowed to over-incubate, this highly acidic exudate
pharmacological, antibiotic, and/or
tality of the host mycelium. This fluid may have interesting
enzymatic properties and, to my knowledge, has not yet been analyzed.
mycelium after coloand forest-like scent.
nizing grain. Once on sawdust, the mycelium out-gasses a rich, pleasing,

Fragrance Signature: A unique, strong, phenolic-like fragrance is imparted by the

transplanted, a technique
Natural Method of Outdoor Cultivation: This mushroom can be easily

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