Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

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Growth Parameters
Spawn Run:
Incubation Temperature: 65-75° F. (18-24° C.)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 45-60 days
C02: >5 000 ppm
FreshAir Exchanges: 0-1
Light Requirements: n/a

Priinordia Formation:
Initiation Temperature: 45-55° F. (7-13° C.)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 10-14 days
C02: 1000-2000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2-4 or as needed.
Light Requirements: 400-800 lux.

Fruitbody Development:
Temperature: 50-65° F. (10-18° C.)
Relative Humidity: 90-95%
Duration: 10-20 days.
C02: 1000-2000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2-4 or as needed
Light Requirements: 400-800 lux.

Cropping Cycle:
2 crops, 3-4 weeks apart.

ing a luxuriantly satin-like mycelia on sterilized malt agar media. The mycelium is white, cottony at
first, soon silky rhizomorphic, usually radiating outwards with diverging fans from the site of inoculation. Mycelium often, but does not necessarily, bruises bluish.

Fragrance Signature: Sour, unpleasant, nearly nauseating to some people, farinaceous, and reminiscent of spoiling corn.
Natural Method of Cultivation: This mushroom conforms to essentially the same strategy as Stmpharia
rugoso-annulata. (See growth parameters for that species.) Sawdust spawn is broadcasted into hardwood
or conifer (Douglas fir) chips which have been laid down outdoors in a partially shaded environment. The
wood chips should be variable in size, ranging from 1/8th inch in diameter to 4 inches in length.

Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to Achieve Fruiting: Liquid inoculated
grain spawn to 50:50 sawdust/wood chips used as spawn into outdoor beds.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: MYA, PDYA, OMYA or DFA.

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