Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
330

GROWTH PARAMETERS
this group have even margins. Gills are colored

brown to dark brown, often mottled, and

bluntly attached to the stem, typically with a
thin whitish margin. The stem is centrically attached to the cap, silky white to dingy brown
near the base, often covered with fine fibrils
which may or may not bruise bluish. The stems

are cartilaginous, even, straight to sinuous,

usually swelling and curved towards the base.
The base of the stem is usually fitted with a
thick, radiating array of white rhizomorphs.
Although mushrooms can be found individu-

ally, the majority grow in gregarious or
collyboid clusters.

Distribution: The species represented in this

Figure

291.

The abundance of capitate

pleurocystidia precludes this species from being
called "P cyanescens". (Stamets Collection # 78-34).

group of mushrooms are found throughout the
temperate forests of the world, including but
not limited to the coastal Pacific Northwest of
North America, northeastern North America,
the British Isles, eastern Europe, southern Ar-

gentina, North Africa, New Zealand and
temperate regions of Australia.
in riparian habi-

deciduous woods, especially
Natural Habitat: Heliotropic and primarily preferring
saprophyte
of fir seed cones, they show a particular
tats, these mushrooms fruit in the fall. Possibly a
in landscaping around newly constructed
fondness for the decorative mulch ("beauty bark") used
in natural setand are actually
buildings. In fact, they are common in urban and suburban areas
of
in the landscaped property government
tings. Ideal locations for collecting this mushroom are
police stations. Less obvious but profacilities: courthouses, libraries, utility companies, and even
gardens. Frequently found along freeways,
ductive locations are rhododendron, rose and azalea
particularly fond of wood chip
around soil mixing companies, and nurseries, these mushrooms are

piles which are grown over with tall, broad-bladed grasses.
ellipsoid, smooth, featuring a distinct
Microscopic Features: Spores are purple brown, 8-12 x 5-8 1,
banded with long throated, finger-like, non-forked or forked
germ pore at one end. Gill margins are
while most do not. Clamp connections are present.
sterile cells. Some species have pleurocystidia
mycological society where mushrooms of
Available Strains: Strains are easy to obtain by joining a
most countries (except Spain, Czechoslovakia, and
this group are quietly exhibited during fall forays. In
others), it is illegal for companies to sell cultures except those

licensed by the government.

behave similarly in culture,
Mycelial Characteristics: These Caramel Capped Psilocybes

produc-

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor