Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
328

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Psilocybe cyanescenS Wakefield sensu lato
Introduction: First cultivated in Washington
and Oregon in the late 1970's, this complex of
species is primarily grown outdoors in wood
chip beds. Indoor cultivation is possible but
pales in comparison to natural culture methods. Species in the P. cyanescens complex are

not as high yielding per lb. of substrate as
some of the fleshier mushrooms in the genus
and hence have little or no commercial appeal.
However, these mushrooms enjoy a popular
reputation and are sought by thousands of eager hunters every fall. Because they are infre-

quently encountered in the wild, many

mycophiles create a mushroom patch in the
privacy of their backyards.
Common Names: Cyans
Caramel Caps
BlueAngels
Potent Psilocybe
Fantasi-takes

Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations:

Figure 290. The satin-like mycelium of Psilocybe
azuresCeflS nom. proV., a sister species to P.
cyanescens, growing on malt extract agar.

The name Psilocybe is Greek and means "bald
Psilocybe has such close afhead" which refers to the smooth surface texture of the cap. The Genus
continues to present unique
finities to Stropharia and Hypholoma that separation of these genera
Strophariaceae,
which also intaxonomic difficulties. These genera are clustered within the family
Smith
(1979)
proposed
that
the family
cludes the more distantly related Genus Pholiota. Alexander
Pholiota and the Macro-genus Psilocybe
might best be represented by only two genera: the Genus
(asNaernatoloifla).
which would also envelope species of Stropharia and Hypholoma
Guzman's The Genus
Currently, the most thorough treatment of the genus can be found in Gaston
contains
much
original research
Psilocybe: A World Monograph (1983). This extensive monograph
Roger Heim & R. Gordon Wasson and
and updates more than two decades of data accumulated by

monograph Les Champignons
other researchers. Wasson & Heim's beautifully illustrated
revealed new MesoAmerican species, many of which were pre-

Hallucinogenes du Mexique (1958)
update on Psilocybe (1958)
empted by the nearly simultaneous publication of Singer & Smith's
the
stage
for a heated debate on
which listed several novel species and sections. * This event set
*

Nomenclature, names are prioritized according the date of publication. The
Accordingto the International Rules of
internationally recognized and accessible
first author to publish a description in latin and deposit specimens into an
subsequently
published
names
are
considered synonyms.
herbarium is granted first right of use. All

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