Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Pleurotuspulmonarius (Fries) Quelet

Figure 286. Culture of P pulmonarius 3 and 5 days after inoculation onto sterilized malt extract agar media.

Introduction: According to studies recently published by Vilgalys et al. (1993), Pleurotus
pulmonarius is virtually indistinguishable from P ostreatus, and differs largely in its habitat preference for conifer woods. In the Western United States, P pulmonarius is usually found at higher
altitudes than P ostreatus which prefers the lowland, river valleys. P pulmonarius and P ostreatus
grow on a variety of hardwoods, with P pulmonarius primarily a spring mushroom and P ostreatus
growing most prevalently in the summer to fall. The North American collections, show a wider
range in color than the European collections. P pulmonarius hosts a large complex of varieties,
offering cultivators a rich resource for new strains. Most of these strains fruit in culture.

Common Names:

The Indian Oyster
The Phoenix Mushroom
Dhingri (in northern India)
"Pleurotus sajor-caju" (mis-applied by cultivators)

Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: This mushroom was first published as Agaricus
pulmonarius Fr. in 1821. Similar toP ostreatus (Jacq. :Fr.) Kummer andP populinus Hilber & Miller,
this species can be separated from them by a combination of habitat, macroscopic, and microscopic
features. P. pulmonarius and P. populinus both share a preference for aspen and black poplar. P

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