Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






A list of candidates which can be grown using current methods follows. At present we do
not know how to grow those species marked

by an asterisk (*). However, I believe tech-

niques for their cultivation will soon be
perfected, given a little experimentation. This

list is by no means exclusive, and will be much

amended in the future. Many of these mushrooms are described as good edibles in the field
guides, as listed in the resource section of this

book. (See Appendix IV.).

Woodland Mushrooms
The Wood Ears

Auricularia auricula
Auricularia polytricha
The Prince
Agaricus augustus
The Almond Agaricus
Agaricus subrufescens
The Sylvan Agaricus
Agaricus sylvicola
Agaricus lilaceps *
B lack Poplar Agrocybe
Agrocybe aegerita
The Clustered Woodlovers
Hypholoma capnoides
Hypholoma sublateritium
Psilocybe cyanescens and allies
Oyster-like Mushrooms
Hypsizygus ulmarius
Hypsizygus tessulatus (=H.
Pleurotus citrinopileatus (= P
cornucopiae var. cirrinopileatus).
Pleurotus cornucopiae

Pleurotus cystidiosus (=P
abalonus, P. smithii (?))
Pleurotus djamor (= P. flabellarus,
P salmoneo-stramineus)
Pleurotus dryinus *
Pleurotus eryngii
Pleurotus euosmus
Pleurotus ostreatus
Pleurotus pulmonarius
(= "sajor-caju")
Tricholoma giganreum
The Deer Mushroom
Pluteus cervinus
Shiitake Mushroom
Lentinula edodes
Lentinula spp.
Garden Giant or King Stropharia
Stropharia rugoso-annulata

Grassland Mushrooms
Meadow Mushrooms
Agaricus campestris
Agaricus arvensis
Lepiota procera
Horse Mushroom
Agaricus arvensis
The Giant Puffball
Calvatia gigantea & allies *
Smooth Lepiota
Lepiota naucina *
The Parasol Mushroom
Lepiota procera
Fairy Ring Mushroom
Marasmius oreades

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