Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






species concept. Furthermore, wlm P.
pulmonariuS is found wild in the west, it prefers the higher altitude, drier coniferous forests

to the hardwood, river-bottoms where P.

Furthermore, P.
ostreatuS dominates.
pulmonarius is primarily found in the spring to
early summer whereas P. ostreatus is common

from the spring through late fall. A recently
named species, P. populinus Hilber & Miller
has a marked preference for black cottonwood
(Populus trichocarpa) and aspen (Populus
tremelloides and P. trident ata) Unlike

P. ostreatus, P. populinus has, according to
Vilgalys et al. (1993), a buff-colored, non-lilac
spore print and larger spores, measuring 9-12 x

An Oyster strain from Florida, Pleurotus
florida Eger is considered by this and other authors to be a synonym of P. ostreatus because
spores from each species are cross fertile, the

mycelium forms clamp connections, and

Figure 281. P. ostreatus inyceliuni 21 days aner inoculation.

The Florida variety differs primarily
mushrooms grown from this mating produce fertile fruitbodies.
& Eger,
F. (24° C.) and above. (See Li
in its preference for warmer temperatures at fruiting, i.e.,
with P. pulmonarius. Others
1978). Guzman (1993) suggests that P florida is conspecific
noted that the original strain of Eger' s P.
florida is merely a variety of P. ostreatus. Hilber (1982)
with Hilber, but solely on the
florida is, in fact, interfertile withP ostreatus. Vilgalys (1993) concurs
Cultivator (Stamets and Chilton (1983), I
basis of DNA comparisons. In our book, The Mushroom floridanus, the latter being a distinctly
incorrectly suggested synonymy between P florida and P.
separate species moved to the Genus Lentinus by Pegler (1983).
columbinus is also in doubt as a
Another sometimes bluish Oyster mushroom called Pleurotus
variety of P ostreatus, i.e P
separately valid species. Singer proposes Pleurotus columbinus to be a
with the long held view of
ost reatus var. columbinus (Quel. apud Bres.) Quel. This
its nearly perfect, even cap margin and broadly convex
many cultivators. One feature of this variety is
shares synonymy with P ostreatus, according to
cap. The North American Pleurotus sapidus also
Vilgalys et al. (1993).
interfertility studies between known speUnless comparative DNA techniques are employed, or

likely. Those cloning wild
cies are conducted, mistaken identifications between these taxa are
for future verification of identificaspecimens are therefore encouraged to retain a dried specimen
& Hughes
Kay &Vilgalys (1992), Petersen
tion. For more information, please consult Hilber (1982),
(1992), and Vilgalys et al. (1993).

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