Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
308

GROWTH PARAMETERS

both in terms of yields and quality, has been
be unnecessary. My best fruitings of Pleurotus eryngii,
weeks after inoculation with grain spawn, the fully coloon 20% bran-enriched alder sawdust. Three
growing room. The top of the bags are
nized bags of sterilized sawdust/chips/bran are brought into the
wall
around
and above the surface plane of
horizontallY sliced opened, resulting in a 3-4 inch plastic
supersensitive aerial mycelium from sudden dethe mycelium. In effect, these side walls protect the
promoted. Coupled with a descending fog environment within the

hydration. Condensation is

formation is provided.
growing room, the perfect microclimate for primordia
dioxide levels approached 220,000
Zadrazil (1974) showed mycelial growth peaked when carbon
mycelial growth allows this mushroom to grow under
ppm. or 22%. The stimulatory effect of CO2 on
and lifeforms. Optimum pH levels at
conditions which would be stifling for most other mushrooms
the pH naturally declines to a range
the time of spawning should be between 7.5-8.5. On wheat straw,
of 5.5-6.5, a range ideal for fruiting.

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