Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
296

GROWTH PARAMETERS

culture should be possible, given the
and poplars can be inoculated via plug or sawdust spawn. Stump
success with this species close relatives.
toAchieve Fruiting: Cultures grown on
Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass
chopped
in a high speed blender for sevnutrified agar media can be immersed into sterile water and
fortified
with maltlyeast and fermented
eral seconds. The resulting broth can inoculate sterile water
15. This liquid inoculum is then transferred
for 48 hours using the techniques described in Chapter within one week of inoculation. No more
directly into sterilized grain. Grain spawn should be used
If the fermentation is continued for 5-7 days,
than two generations of grain spawn are recommended.
bulk substrates.
asexual conidia form, facilitating the direct inoculation of
Suggested Agar Culture Media: MYPA, CMYA. DFA or PDYA.
Liquid or grain spawn throughout. Sawdust can be

1st, 2nd and 3rd Generation Spawn Media:
used as the final spawn medium if desired.

(maple, oak, beech or elm), pasteurized
Substrates for Fruiting: Sterilized hardwood sawdust
wheat, rice or paddy straw.

Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Bags, colunms, trays or

bottles.

higher on sawdust based
Yield Potential: Biological efficiency rated at 50-75%,

substrates than on

straw.

expand beyond convex. Individual
Harvest Hints: Mushrooms should be picked before the caps
is edible.

formation is promoted. The stem
mushrooms can become quite large unless cluster
and dried are sold in Thailand, Taiwan, China
Form of Product Sold to Market: Fresh mushrooms
and elsewhere in Asia.

Nutritional Content: Not known to this author.
Medicinal Properties: Not known to this author.
be cooked like most Oyster mushrooms in stir
Flavor, Preparation & Cooking: This mushroom can

the recipes in Chapter 24.
fries, in white sauces or adorning lamb. Please refer to
Thailand and Taiwan, where this group of
Comments: My experience has been that cultures from
rice straw and perform less producmushrooms is commercially cultivated, produce abundantly on
requiring
specific in their fruiting
tively on wheat straw. Strains are more narrowly
fruiting substrate than, for instance,
sustained warmth, and must be more carefully matched with the
consult
adaptive to a wider variety of materials. For more information,
P. ostreatus, a species more
and Miller (1969).
Guzman et al.(199 1), Jong & Peng (1975), Peng (1974)

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