Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
294

GROWTH PARAMETERS

styraciflua), and Asian Oaks (Quercus nuttalli & allies).
well
monomitic. Sterile cells on the cap
MicroscopiC Features: Spores white 11-14 x 4-5 p. Hyphal system
hand lens. Dikaryotic mycelium, capable
developed. The coremic structures on the gills can be seen with a
conidia. If asexual spores (conidia) are single celled,
of producing mushrooms, only arise from two celled
producing fertile mushrooms.
then the strain is monokaryotic, and incapable of
culture libraries. ATCC # 28599 is the
Available Strains: Strains are easily obtained from most

type culture.
unusual Oyster mushroom I have seen in
Mycelial Characteristics: P. cystidiosus is the most
Oyster strain- white, racing linearly, soon fluffy
culture. At first the mycelium resembles, any
droplets form, radiating outwards from the
white and aerial. However, as it grows outwards, black
265 & 266). These are coremia—stalk-like cells
center as the mycelium matures. (See Figure
black spores. The spore-laden black droplets do not
whose tops are fitted with liquid droplets of
which
cultures in the laboratory until they dry and harden, at
pose a contamination threat to other
the
droplets
will
streak
not handled carefully,
time they can become airborne. If petri dishes are
inthis
imperfect
stage
is
that
to the cultivator of
across the media, freeing them. One advantage
has an additional complement of asexual
oculation of any substrate with pure culture spawn
inoculation. Colonization is comparatively fast.
spores, effecting a simultaneous "spore mass"
anise-like.
Fragrance Signature: Musty, farinaceous, not pleasant, not
cottonwood, sweetgum elms, beeches, oaks
Natural Method of Cultivation: Dead or dying maple,

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