Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






grain spawn has substantially greater yields than straw
spawn is not necessary. Straw inoculated with
inoculated with sawdust spawn.
Suggested Agar Culture Media: MYA or PDYA.
sorghum, milo or millet.
1st, 2nd & 3rd Generation Spawn Media: Rye, wheat,
hulls, chopped corn cobs, and hardwood
Substrates for Fruiting: Pasteurized wheat, cottonseed
sugar cane bagasse, paper bysawdusts. Alternative substrates being developed commercially are
of the coffee plant can be recycled growing
products, banana fronds and peanut hulls. Every part
hulls, stalks, limbs and leaves!
Oyster mushrooms—from the coffee grounds to the
bags, trays and bottles.
Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Perforated plastic columns,
commonly cultivated P. ostreatus and P.
Yield Potentials: This species is not as prolific as the more
mushrooms. After the second flush, comparapulmonarius in the conversion of substrate mass to
25-75% indoors on wheat straw. Yield

tively few mushrooms fonn. Biological efficiency rating:
efficiencies are higher on cottonseed amended substrates.
is tedious and often damages the fragile
Harvest Hints: Since picking individual mushrooms
hosting large numbers of
fruitbodies, cultivators should pursue strategies which encourage clusters individual mushrooms.
young mushrooms. Marketing of clustered bouquets

Figure 260. Column culture of P. citrinopileatus.

is far easier than selling

Figure 261. Cruz Stamets beside 14 in. diameter col-

umn of the Golden Oyster mushroom fruiting
days after inoculation into

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