Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
286

GROWTH PARAMETERS

inoculation onto malt extract agar media.
Figure 258. P citrinopileatuS mycelium 2 & 10 days after

closely conforming, macroscopically, to P.
cultured out, resulting in a grayish brown mushroom
citrinopileatus is limited to Asia whereas P.
cornucopiae var. cornucopiae.* Geographically, P.

With the
Neither have yet been found growing wild in NorthAmeriCa.
adjacent to woodlands in North America, it will
onset of commercial cultivation of these mushrooms
In this book, I am deferring to the use of P.

cornucopiae occurs in Europe.

be interesting to see if these exotic varieties escape.
citrinopileatus rather than P. corn ucopiae var. citrinopileatus.

plane at maturity, often depressed in
Description: Caps golden to bright yellow, 2-5 cm., convex to
show through the translucent cap flesh. Stems
the center, thin fleshed, with decurrent gills which
in large clusters arising from a single, joined
white, centrally attached to the caps. Usually growing
mushrooms. As strains of this species
base. Clusters are often composed of fifty to hundred or more
produced in each pri-

beige, and fewer mushrooms are
senesce, the yellow cap color is lost, becoming
mordial cluster.
southern Japan, and adjacent regions.
Distribution: Native to the forested, subtropics of China,
especially oaks, elm, beech and poplars.
Natural Habitat: A saprophyte of Asian hardwoods,
3.0-3.5 Clamp connections present.
Microscopic Features: Spores pale pinkish buff, 7.5-9.0 x

Hyphal system dimitic.
Available Strains: Strains of this mushroom have been difficult to
*

color through continued
Curiously, when the strain loses its golden

acquire in North America. While travel-

propagations the bitter flavor is also lost.

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