Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
276

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Shiitake production from sterilized sawdust. Tan and
Many supplements can be used to enhance
yield and found that a formula (dry weight)
Chang (1989) examined the effect of 17 formulations on
wheat bran, and 1.4 % calcium carbonate gave
consisting of 71% sawdust, 18% used tea leaves, 7%
substituted for calcium carbonate, no effect on yield
the highest yields. When calcium sulfate was
enhancing yields.
leafs proved to be an excellent supplement for
was seen. In their opinion, spent tea
each
formula
for the data
with only four replicates of
Notably, only two strains of Shiitake were used,
addition of cotton waste to a sawdust/bran
trials.Another study by Morales et al. (1991) found that the
(12.5%) formula significantly improved yields of Shiitake.
Shiitake cultivators who will, inevitably, develop
These examples can be used as guidelines for
yields according to their unique circumstances. My
precise formulas and strategies that maximize
in 25-35 days, with subsequent flushes 10-14 days
method consistently gives first flushes of Shuitake
first begin. For most other Shiitake growers on sterilapart. My final flushes end two months after the
after three months of incubation. Our speed of
ized sawdust, their first flushes are just beginning
The "secret" of my method is the culminaproduction sets a new standard for the Shiitake industry.
aggressive strain sustained on a unique agar formula; a
tion of a combination of factors: the use of an
hardwood (alder); water rich in minerals; and the sensihigh spawning rate; a rapidly decomposing
is transferable and can be taught to anyone.
tive care of a good cultivator. This technology

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