Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Sarcoma 180 and Ehrlich ascotes carcinoma in
mice via oral introduction. Other protein bound
fractions have shown differing degrees of antitumor activity. Clearly, there are a number of
anti-tumor compounds in Shiitake besides the

well known lentinan. To what degree these
compounds can help the human immune system through the simple ingestion of cooked
mushrooms is not clear.

Studies in the United States have failed to
show that extracts of Shiitake are effective
against HIV in vitro. (Some Japanese studies
have shown effectiveness against HIV; others
have not.) Shiitake has also shown promise
in lowering blood pressure and cholesterol
(Kabir &Yamaguchi, 1987; Jong et al. 1991).
The cholesterol lowering compound was identified as eritadenin, an adenine derivative. In
the past twenty years, nearly a hundred reholds
search papers have been published on the
Figure 251. Dr. Andrew Weil happily
freshly picked, organically grown
chemical constituents of Shiitake and their
medicinal properties of Shiitake, consult
health stimulating properties. For more information on the

(1993), and Jones (1995).
Mori et al. (1987), Fujii et al. (1978), Jong (1991), Ladanyi et al.
of dishes. A traditional JapaPreparation and Cooking: Shiitake can be enjoyed in a wide variety
and placing them in a pre-heated chicken broth
nese soup recipe calls for slicing the mushrooms
(often used as a vegetarian substicomplemented with chopped green onions. The addition of miso
soup broth for a few minutes and
tute for chicken) enhances the flavor. Shiitake are steeped
and totally different than the
served hot. The flavor and fragrance of slightly cooked Shiitake is tart
usually rehydrate Shiitake and simmer
flavor imparted from thorough cooking. Chinese restaurants
them in the broth of stir-fries.
standard method is to sauté mushrooms
Our family regularly consumes Shiitake. Our favorite and
cells are pulled apart along cell walls, prewhich have been torn, not cut. By tearing the mushrooms,
pulled apart, starting from
serving the flavor within. The stems are first cut off and the mushrooms are
or frying pan which is
the cut stem base. Canola (rape seed) oil or similar light oil is
added, stined frequently, and cooked
then brought to high heat. Once hot, the torn mushrooms are
mushrooms are being cooked, a distinct
until the majority of water has been evaporated. While the
Chopped onions, sliced walnuts or shaved alchange in fragrance occurs, becoming more meat-like.
preparation can be used as a base in many
monds, and other condiments can be added as desired. This
and vegetables, a culinary dish of
dishes. By adding stir-fired Shiitake to steamed rice, fish, pasta, chicken,
includes Cruz's Shiitake Quiche,
extraordinary dimensions is created. Other dishes using Shiitake
Shiitake Pate, etc. Please refer to the recipes in Chapter 24.

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