Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Clamp connections and
four spored. Hyphal system monomitic. Pleurocystidia absent.
cheilocystidia present.

duration to fruiting, the
Available Strains: Many strains are available and vary considerably in their
types. ATCC #58742,
formation of the fruitbodies as well as their adaptability to different
onto suppleATCC #26087 and Mon #465 are all strains which fruit in 10-14
came from
mented sawdust. I have developed a strain, designated Stamets CS-2,
sawdust! I
China and produces in as quickly as 14 days from inoculation onto
25-30 days after inoculation, the
have found, however, that by forestalling pnimordia formation until
This same strain regumycelium achieves greater tenacity, giving rise to better quality fruitbodies.
sawdust. Using my
larly produces mushrooms 30-40 days after inoculation onto
cycle is completed in 90
methods in combination with this fast-fruiting strain, the Shiitake fruiting
mushrooms per block.
days from the date of inoculation, yielding 4-5 flushes and averaging 2
on MEA media,
The first flush arises from blocks which are totally white in color.
on grain, and on sawdust in 3 weeks are characteristic of this strain.
longitudinally linear and
Mycelial Characteristics: Mushroom mycelium white at first, becoming
to damage, the mycecottony-aerial in age, rarely, if ever truly rhizomorphic. In age, or in response
cottony ball-like
hum becomes dark brown. Some strains develop hyphal
this species as
structures—which may or may not develop into primordia. Many mycologists

Figure 238. Shiitake mushrooms growing on



growing on

oak logs.

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