Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 235. After soaking, logs can be placed into

263

Figure 236. Shiitake torming on oai logs.

a young conifer forest which provides shade and
helps retain humidity. Logs are watered via sprinklers two to four times a day. Mushrooms appear
one to two weeks after removal from the soaking
pond.

Distribution: Limited to the Far East, native to
Japan, Korea, & China. Not known from North
America nor Europe. With the continued defor-

estation of the Far East, the genome of this
mushroom appears increasingly endangered.

Natural Habitat: This mushroom grows natu-

rally on dead or dying broad leaf trees,
particularly the Shii tree (Castanopsis
cuspidata), Pasania spp., Quercus spp. & and
other Asian oaks and beeches. Although occasionally found on dying trees, Shiitake is a true
saprophyte exploiting only necrotic tissue.

Microscopic Features: Spores white 5-6.5 (7)
x 3-3.5 p, ovoid to oblong ellipsoid. Basidia

Figure 237. Shiitake mushrooms growing on alder
logs.

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