Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
262

GROWTH PARAMETERS

Figure 233. Logs are bundled prior to immersion in
water.

Figure 234. A trough, pond, or in this case,a brick
framed pool (foreground) is used for immersing logs
into water for 1.2 days to stimulate fruiting.

Lentinula. Although Singer has disagreed with
In 1975, Pegler proposed this species be transferred to
(Redhead, 1993). Pegler believes Shiitake is
this designation, many taxonomists concur with Pegler.
family than to mushrooms
more closely allied to the genera like Collybia of the Tricholomataceae
Furthermore,
Lentinus shares greater
like Lentinus tigrinus, the type species of the Genus L.entinus.
than to other gilled mushaffinities to genera of the Polyporaceae family where it is now placed rather
mycologists
until
the
mushrooms
are compared
rooms. This allegiance bewilders most amateur
Cultivators
must
keep
abreast of the
microscopically. Recent DNA studies support this delineation.
be retired, and cultures be correctly
most recent advances in taxonomy so that archaic names can
Singer (1986), Redhead (1985),
identified. For more information, consult Hibbett &Vilgalys (1991),

Pegler(l975 &1983).
and eventually plane at matuDescription: Cap 5-25 cm. broad, hemispheric, expanding to convex
lighter brown in age, or upon drying. Cap
rity. Cap dark brown to nearly black at first, becoming
with maturity and often undulating
margin even to irregular, inrolled at first, then incurved, flattening
with age*, white, bruising brown
with age. Gills white, even at first, becoming serrated or irregular
fibrous, and tough in texture. Flesh
when damaged. Stem fibrous, centrally to eccentrically attached,

bruises brownish.
*

margin of Shiitake. as a grower. I see the Shiitake gill margins
Although taxonomists frequently refer to the even
rely
the
mushrooms
mature, especially on the first flush. I would hesitate to
progressing from even to irregular edges as
strain-determined
phenomenon.
on this feature as one of taxonomic significance. It may be a

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