Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
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GROWTH PARAMETERS

soon linearly rhizomorphic with a
Mycelial Characteristics: Mycelium white, cottony at first,
MYA petri dish, the mycelium develops

silkish sheen. Soon after colonization of a 100 x 15 mm.
emanating from the site of inoculation and predominatzones of tawny or rusty brown discolorations
immediately precedes primordia formation.
ing in age. On sterilized sawdust this discoloration
refreshing fragrance from a newly rained
Fragrance Signature: Pleasant, sweet, reminiscent of the
King Stropharia (Stropharia rugoso-annulata).
upon forest, similar to the scent of the
sawdust inoculated and laid horiNatural Method of Cultivation: Hardwood logs can be pegged or
bury the logs to 1/3 their diameter. Oak,
zontally side by side. Untreated sawdust can be used to be inoculated using any one of the methchestnut, and perhaps the stumps of similar hardwoods can
ods described in this book.

Achieve Fruiting: When a sample of
Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to
broth, the mycelium grows more vigorously
hardwood sawdust is added to the liquid fermentation
distributed directly into

liquid inoculum should be
than without. After 3-4 days of fermentation, the
generations or used directly for imsterilized grain. This grain spawn can be expanded several more
is preferred. After 50-60 days from
plantation into sterilized, supplemented sawdust. Oak sawdust
to the prescribed levels.
inoculation, the substrate can be initiated by lowering temperature
SuggestedAgar Culture Media: MYPA, OMYA, PDYA or DFA.
throughout, or alternatively sawdust
1st, 2nd and 3rd Generation Spawn Media: Grain spawn
created from sawdust spawn.
spawn for the 3rd generation. Plug spawn can be
sawdust,
Supplemented alder, chestnut, poplar, hickory, cottonwood or oak

Substrates for Fruiting:
logs and stumps.

Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Bottles, bags or trays.
supplemented sawdust.
to .50 lbs. of fresh mushrooms per 5 lbs. of moist
well as stem elongation to facilitate harHarvest Hints: Cluster formation should be encouraged as
substrate trimmed off. Mushrooms are better
vesting. Clusters can be firmly grasped and the base
The brilliant yellowish zone around the
presented as a "cluster bouquet" than individually separated.
color makes this mushroom aesthetically pleasing to the
cap margin in contrast to the reddish brown
eye.
mycophiles in Midwest prefer to pickle
Form of Product Sold to Market: Fresh and dried. Some
Mushroom) in Japan, is primarily
this mushroom. This mushroom, known as Kuritake (the Chestnut
marketed in fresh form.
Nutritional Content: Not known to this author.
is worthy of investigation for its
Medicinal Properties: Like H. capnoides, I believe this mushroom
found is a short note in Icons of Medicinal
potential medicinal properties. The only reference I have
sublateritiurn (Fr.) Quel. against sarcoma
Fungi, which states that "the inhibition rates of Hypholoina
" (Ying 1987, p.325). The reference
180 and Ehrlich carcinoma (sic) is 60% and 70% respectively.
supporting this claim is in Chinese and lacks further elaboration.

Yield Potentials: .

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