Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Hypholoma capnoides (Fries) Quelet
Introduction: Before the publication of my
first book, I had a long term affection for this
mushroom but never attempted eating it until
Elsie Coulter of Hayden Lake, Idaho first told
me that H. capnoides was her favorite edible
mushroom. When a person with the depth of

knowledge of an Elsie Coulter tells you a
mushroom is her choice edible, you better listen!

A true saprophyte, H. capnoides is an ag-

gressive conifer stump decomposer. One
precaution is in order. Hypholoma capnoides is

not a mushroom for those unskilled in mushroom identification. Several poisonous
mushrooms resemble this mushroom and inhabit the same ecological niche. I can imagine
how overly enthusiastic mycophiles, in their
lust for delectable fungi, could mistake

Galerina autumnalis, a deadly poisonous
mushroom sharing the same habitat, for H.

Figure 211. Culturea mycelium ot ii. capnoides.
Note growth zones.

capnoides. Cultivators should be forewarned
that several mushroom species, inoculated or
not, can inhabit a single stump or log. This danger is entirely avoided by honing identification skills,
or by growing H. capnoides indoors on sterilized sawdustlchips.

Common Names:

The Brown Gilled Clustered Wood Lover
Smoky Gilled Hypholoma
Elsie's Edible

Taxonomic Synonyms & Considerations: Hypholoma capno ides is known by many as
Naematoloma capnoides (Fr.) Karst. A sister species to H. capnoides is Hypholomafasciculare
(Hudson ex Fr.) Kummer (=Naematolomafasciculare (Fr.) Quelet), well worth knowing since it is
poisonous! These two mushrooms are sometimes difficult to tell apart until the mushrooms are upturned and the gills are examined. H. capnoides has smoky brown gills whereas H. fasciculare has
gills that are bright greenish yellow to dingy yellow in age. Furthermore, H. fasciculare is extremely
bitter flavored whereas H. capnoides is mild. Once studied, these two species can be separated without difficulty.
Description: Cap orange to orangish yellow to orangish brown to dull brown, 2-7 cm. broad at matu-

rity. Convex with an incurved margin, soon expanding to broadly convex to almost flattened,

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