Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
236

GROWTH PARAMETERS

The Clustered Wood-lovers
of the Genus Hypholoma
includes several interesting species, all of
For cultivators, the Genus Hypholoma (Fries) Kummer
temperatures exceed 60-65° F. (15-18° C.). Agwhich thrive in cold weather, not producing when
and produce a type of

gressive wood decomposers, they share similar cultural
have cultivated. Their uniquely beautiful
mycelium that is quite distinct from other saprophytes I
luxuriously
satin-like. After the mycelium has
mycelia is not only fantastically rhizomorphic, but
primordia formation. If this resting pe-

captured a substrate, a several week resting period precedes commercially feasible. With current
more
riod can be shortened, indoor cultivation may prove
outdoor settings and fit perfectly within the Natuendure
and
proliferate
in
methods, the Hypholomas
ral Culture models described in this book.
thread-like veil that connects the cap
Hypholoma means "mushrooms with threads" because of the
rhizomorphs radiating outwards from the stem base. In
to the stem when young and for the bundles of
delimit the fleshier species of this geNorth America, the name Naematoloma was used for years to
has been officially conserved against
nus, following usage by Singer & Smith. However,
is proper to use.
Naematoloni,a, which means that only the name Hypholoma
These genera belong to the
Species of Hypholoma are closely related to Psilocybe and Stropharia.
Singer). They are distinguished from
family Strophariaceae (or sub-family Stropharioideae sensu
features, features so subtle that many researchers have reone another on the basis of microscopic

enveloping macro-genus. Since
marked on the usefulness of representing this group as one,
*
Psilocybe was published first, this name would officially

take precedence.

book, Psilocybe Mushrooms &
*For more information on these genera and their species, refer to my first
(1978).

TheirAllies

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor