Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

231

Growth Parameters
Spawn Run:
Incubation Temperature: 70-75° F. (2 1-24° C.)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 14-18 days
C02: >5 000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 0-1
Light Requirements: n/a

Primordia Formation:
Initiation Temperature: 45-50° E (7-10° C.)
Relative Humidity: 95-100%
Duration: 3-5 days
C02: 2000-4000 ppm
Fresh Air Exchanges: 2-4 per hour
Light Requirements: 100-200 lux.

Fruitbody Development:
Temperature: 50-60° F. (10-16° C.)
Relative Humidity: 90-95%
Duration: 5-8 days
C02: 2000-4000 ppm
FreshAir Exchanges: 2-4 perhour.
Light Requirements: 100-200 lux.

Cropping Cycle:
Two to three crops, 10-12 days apart.

mushrooms at 70-75° E (21-24° C.). Strains of this mushroom vary in their sensitivity to light and
carbon dioxide levels.
Mycelial Characteristics: White, longitudinally linear, becoming finely appressed and tinged light
brown to spotted with golden yellow brown zones with age. The surface roughens, resembling fine
sand paper, and sometimes becomes beaded at the earliest stage of primordia formation. Long
stemmed, small capped mushrooms commonly form along the inside periphery of the petri dish or
during cold storage of culture slants.

Fragrance Signature: Grain spawn musty smelling, not pleasant.

Natural Method of Cultivation: Stump culture is possible, as evidenced by the penchant that this
species has for logs, stumps. and wood debris in the wild. However, stump culture should not be encouraged to those who can not distinguish Enoki mushrooms from the small, wood decomposing
poisonous mushrooms such as the deadly members of the Genus Galerina or Gonocybe.

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