Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

203. After three weeks of incubation, this warm

weather strain of Enokitake produces abundant pri-

mordia at room temperature. Most strains of the
species require a cold shock to form primordia.

Figure 204. Wild fruiting of Flammulifla velutipes
from stump. Note shortness of stems and breadth of
caps of wild vs. cultivated fruitings.

the base. In culture, the morphology of this mushroom is
a dense coat of velvety fine brown hairs near
dioxide and light levels. Cultivated specimens
highly mutable, being extremely sensitive to carbon
When spores mature, the caps
usually have long yellowish stems, small white to yellowish caps.

darken to brown.
world, growing from sea level to
Distribution: Widespread throughout the temperate regions of the
tree-line.
commonly growing in the late
Natural Habitat: Primarily on hardwoods, occasionally on conifers,
and continue to grow. One definition of
fall through early winter. This mushroom can freeze, thaw,
that shrub in Japan.
"Enoki" in Japanese is huckleberry, implying that this mushroom grows on
Hongo (1988) lists a spore size of JapaMicroscopic Features: Spores white, 6-8 x 3-4 ellipsoid.
of European collections measuring 8-9 x
nese varieties of 5-7.5 x 3-4 j.i. Moser(1983) reports spores
included within this complex.
4.5-6 These differences may underscore the wide range of varieties
Clamp connections present.
offering cultivators a rich reAvailable Strains: Vast populations of this species thrive in the wild,
andlor growth in temperature ranges from
source for new strains. Most strains require a cold shock
line (10,000+ ft.) in
40-60° F. (4.4-13° C.) InAugust of 1990,1 isolated an aggressive strain from tree
requiring
cold
shock, producing
the mountains above Telluride, Colorado. The strain is unique, not

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