Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

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The Enoki Mushroom
Fkxmmulina velutipes (Curtis: Fries) Singer

Figure 202. Mycelium of Enokitake, 3, 8, 14 and 28 days after inoculation.

Introduction: The Japanese lead in popularizing this mushroom. In the wild, Flammulina velutipes
is a short, funy footed mushroom. Usually cultured in chilled growing rooms, abnormally small
caps and long stems are achieved by elevating carbon dioxide levels and limiting light exposure.
This unnatural shape makes the harvesting of Enoki easy.

Common Names:

Enokitake (Japanese for "The Snow Peak Mushroom. Enokidake is an
alternative spelling)
Nametake ("Slimy Mushroom")
Yuki-motase ("Snow Mushroom")
The Winter Mushroom
The Velvet or Furry Foot Collybia
The Golden Mushroom (Thailand)

Taxonomic Synonyms and Considerations: Formerly known as Collybia velutipes (Fr.) Quel.
Description: Cap 1-5 cm. in diameter, convex to plane to upturned in age, smooth, viscid when wet,
bright to dull yellowish to yellowish brown to orangish brown. Gills white to yellow, attached to the
stem. Stem usually short 1-3 inches, yellow to yellowish brown, darkening with age and covered with

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