Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






for establishing outdoor patches.
Hardwood sawdust spawn should be used as inoculum
Achieve Fruiting: Adaptive to liquid
Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to
Grain spawn is directly inoculated into pasteurfermentation, grain spawn can be created with ease.
sawdust has
experiences with
ized, supplemented straw-based composts. My
dials form
straw-based substrates.
resulted in poor yields compared to manure enriched
on sawdust but often fail to further develop.
SuggestedAgar Culture Media: PDA, PDYA, MEA,
Grain (rye, wheat, sorghum) throughout.
1st, 2nd and 3rd Generation Spawn Media:
formulas described by Stamets & Chilton
Substrates for Fruiting: The straw/manure compostAnother excellent medium can be made from
(1983) support substantial fruitings of this mushroom.
also supdischarged from horse stables. Paper and pulp waste
the manure and urea-enriched sawdust
of a peat
this mushroom greatly benefits from the placement
port fruitings. * Like most coprophiles,
moss based, casing soil.
This mushroom is not inclined to grow
Recommended Containers for Fruiting: Trays and bags.
from anything but horizontal surfaces.
of 2% to paper pulp fiber (giving the substrate
Yield Potentials: When soya flour was added at a rate
80% B .E.. However, these yields were lower than that
a 0.5 % nitrogen content), yields approached
B. (See Mueller et al. (1985)).
generated from manure compost which often exceed 100% B.

Figure 199. Shaggy Manes fruiting from cased,
horse manure-enriched straw.

Figure 200. Shaggy Manes fruiting from cased,
leached cow manure.

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