Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

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GROWTH PARAMETERS

The Shaggy Mane of the Genus Coprinus
Coprinus comatuS (Muller: Fries) S.F. Gray
Introduction: Shaggy Manes have long been a

favorite amongst mushroomerS in North

America and Europe. Easy to identify, often
growing in massive quantities, this brilliant
white mushroom is hard to miss and difficult to
confuse with poisonous species. Their fragile
constitution and unique method of self-destruc-

tion, combined with their mild but excellent
flavor, has made the Shaggy Mane a popular
mushroom amongst hikers and hunters.
After experimenting with its cultivation, I am
pleasantly surprised at how well this species
adapts to a wide variety of indoor and outdoor
substrates. Although the commercial cultiva-

tion of this mushroom

is

limited by its

predisposition to disintegrate into an inky mess,

this mushroom is fantastic for those who can
consume it within two days of picking.
Common Names: The Shaggy Mane
Lawyer's Wig
Maotou-Guisafl (Chinese)

Figure 198. Classic, cottony Shaggy Mane mycelium
on malt extract agar.

is considered a taxonomically
Taxonomic Synonyms and Considerations: Cop rinus comatus

identified by sight.
"clean" species by most mycologists and can be accurately
vertically oblong, dingy brown at first,
Description: Cap 4-10 (15) cm. high by 3-4 (5) cm. thick,
Gills crowded, white to pale, long, broad and
soon white, and decorated with ascending scales.
1-2 cm. thick, equal, hollow, bulbous
slightly attached or free to the stem. Stem 6-12 (15 cm.) long by
collar-like ring, that separates from the cap
at the base, and adorned with a movable, membranous
the gills blacken, or "deliquesce",
margin as the mushrooms enlarge. As the mushrooms mature,
the rapidly receding cap margin. The
transforming into a black, spore-ladened fluid which drips from
cap eventually totally recedes, leaving only the stem.
regions of the world.
Distribution: Growing in the late summer and fall throughout the temperate
along roadsides, and in enNatural Habitat: In lawns, meadows, around barnyards, in wood chips,
riched soils.
11-15 x 6. 0—8. 5 p, ellipsoid, with a germ pore at one end.

Microscopic Features: Spores black,
Subhymenium cellular.

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