Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

221

Description: A substantial mushroom, often up
to 12 inches in diameter. Cap convex, to hemispheric, expanding to plane at maturity,
smooth, yellowish gray to grayish brown to tan
to dingy brown, darker towards the center. Gills

gray at first, becoming chocolate brown with
spore maturity. Stem white, adorned with a well

developed membranous ring, usually colored
brown from spore fall.

Natural Habitat: Growing saprophytically, often in clusters, on stumps in the southeastern
United States and southern Europe. Preferring
hardwoods, especially cottonwoods, willows,
poplars, maples, box elders, and in China on
tea-oil trees.

Distribution: Not known to occur in North

Figure 193.20 days after inoculation, primorida voluntarily form on malt extract agar.

America outside of the southeastern states of
Mississippi, Louisiana and Georgia. Common
across southern Europe and in similar climatic
zones of the Far East.

Microscopic Features: Spores smooth, ovoid to slightly ellipsoid, brown, 9-11 x 5-6. 5(7)p, lacking
a distinct germ pore. Clamp connections present.

Available Strains: Strains are commonly available from culture libraries. Most strains cloned from
wild specimens produce on hardwoods.
Mycelial Characteristics: Longitudinally linear, becoming cottony, usually not aerial. White at first,
soon becoming spotted brown, and eventually tan brown. Primordia usually form on malt extract agar
media.

Fragrance Signature: Mealy, farinaceous, but not pleasant.
Natural Method of Cultivation: Stumps of the above-mentioned trees. Outdoor wood chips beds also
produce, much in the same manner as for the cultivation of Stmpharia rugoso-annulata.

Recommended Courses for Expansion of Mycelial Mass to Achieve Fruiting: Petri dish cultures
blended via Eberbach stirrers to create liquid inoculum which is, in turn, injected into sterilized grain.
This grain spawn can be used to make sawdust spawn for outdoor inoculations or for inoculating directly into supplemented, sterilized, hardwood sawdust.

Suggested Agar Culture Media: Malt Yeast Peptone Agar (MYPA), Potato Dextrose Yeast Agar
(PDYA), OatmealYeastAgar (OMYA) & Dog FoodAgar (DFA).
1st, 2nd and 3rd Generation Spawn Media: Cereal grains (rye, wheat, milo, sorghum, etc.) for 1st

PDF compression, OCR, web-optimization with CVISION's PdfCompressor