Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
INDOOR GROWTH PARAMETERS

The Gilled Mushrooms

T

he gilled mushrooms are the archetypal forms we all recognize. They are typically umbrella shaped, with cylindrical stems

and plates radiating outwards from the undersides of the caps. oyster, Shiitake and Enoki are classic gilled mushrooms. Taxonomically,
these mushrooms fall into the Order Agaricales. Microscopically, they all

produce spores by means of club-shaped cells called basidia.*
The most extensive treatise on the taxonomy of gilled mushrooms
has to be Rolf Singer's Agaricales in Modern Taxonomy (1986). This
massive work is the pivotal reference text on the overall systematics

of fungal taxonomy. As the science of mycology progresses, individual monographs on a genus or a section of a genus delve more
precisely into inter-species relationships. Alexander Smith's Mushrooms in their Natural Habitat (1949) still stands as the template for
describing mushrooms macroscopically, microscopically and in their
relationship to the natural environment. These two works, in combination, have had the greatest influence on the course of American
mycology in the 20th century.
*

For a discussion of basidia, consult Chapter 9. See Figures 47 to 52.

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