Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
THE ROLE OF MUSHROOMS IN NATURE

7

tive species and planted in plots similar to
Christmas tree farms. Several years passed
before the harvests began. However, since

scenario, a total ecological collapse of the

Oregon White Truffles were naturally occur-

in Europe has fallen by more than 50%!

ring nearby, whether or not the inoculation

Some

process actually caused the truffles to form is
unclear.

Mycorrhizal mushrooms in Europe have
suffered a radical decline in years of late
while the saprophytic mushrooms have in-

mycorrhizal community. In the past ten years,
the diversity of the mycorrhizal mushrooms

species, such as the Chanterelle, have
all but disappeared from regions in the Netherlands, where it was abundant only 20 years
ago. (See Arnolds, 1992; Leck, 1991). Many
biologists view these mushrooms as indicator

species, the first domino to fall in a series

gested to explain the sudden decline of both

leading to the failure of the forest's life-support systems.
One method for inoculating mycorrhizae
calls for the planting of young seedlings near

the quantity and diversity of wild mycor-

the root zones of proven mushroom-producing

rhizal mushrooms. Most mycologists believe
the sudden availability of dead wood is responsible for the comparative increase in the
numbers of saprophytic mushrooms. The de-

trees. The new seedlings acclimate and become "infected" with the mycorrhizae of a

creased in numbers. The combined effects of
acid rain and other industrial pollutants, even

the disaster at Chernobyl, have been sug-

cline in Europe portends, in a worst case

Figure 8. Scanning electron micrograph of an
emerging root tip being mycorrhized by mushroom mycellum.

neighboring, parent tree. In this fashion, a second generation of trees canying the
mycorrhizal fungus is generated. After a few

Figure

9.

Scanning

electron

micrograph

01

mycelium encasing the root of a tree after
mycorrhization.

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