Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
GROWTH PARAMETERS

213

Figure 188. The Button mushroom (Agaricus brunnescens) fruiting from cased grain.

is introduced. Consequently, several other
phenomena occur: evaporation is increased,

photosensitive after it has achieved a threshold
critical mass, usually coincident with full colo-

humidity drops, temperature changes, and the
net number of contaminant particles entering
the growing room rises as air exchanges are
increased.
Temperature: As a general rule, incubation
temperature runs higher than the temperature
for primordia formation. Internal temperatures
should not exceed 95° F. (35° C.) or black pin
molds and other thermophilic competitors will
awaken, especially under the rich CO2 conditions created as a by-product of spawn running.
Lighting: For the species described in this
book, moderate lighting has no effect, adverse

nization, and after carbon dioxide evolution

or advantageous, on the mycelium during
spawn run. Bright, unfiltered, direct sunlight is

damaging. Light is especially harmful when
intensities exceed 10,000 lux. From my experi-

ences, the mycelial mat only becomes

has steeply declined.

PRIMORDIA
FORMATION:
The Initiation Strategy
By far the most critical step is that of primordia formation, called the initiation strategy. An

initiation strategy can be best described as a
shift in environmental variables, triggering the
formation of mushrooms. The four major envi-

ronmental factors operative in an initiation
strategy are: moisture, air exchange, temperature and light. These are adjusted accordingly:
Moisture: Direct watering is applied,

coupled with a constant, controlled rate of
evaporation to maintain high humidity between 95-100%. Fog-like conditions are

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