Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






mushroom strains.

From extensive trials, I have determined
functional limits in the cultivation of Oyster
mushrooms in columns. Columns less than 8

inches give meager fruitings and dry out
quickly. Columns whose diameter exceeds 14
inches are in danger of becoming anaerobic at
the core. Anaerobic cores create sites of con-

tamination which emanate outwards, often
overwhelming the outer layer of mycelium.
(See Figurel68.)

Figure 171. By slamming the culumn to the iloor

during filling, the straw packs densely.

Columns are best filled with bulk, pasteurized substrates (such as straw) via conveyors
leading to a stainless steel funnel. If conveyors
are unavailable, then the pasteurized straw can
be moved from the steam room (Phase II box)
to a smooth table top via a pitch-fork. Either on
the conveyor or on the table top, grain spawn is
evenly distributed. The inoculated substrate is
then directed to the recessed funnel. The funnel should be positioned 10-14 ft. above the

Figure 172 & 173. Once filled, the collar is released and the plastic is tied into a knot.

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