Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Figure 164. Oyster mushrooms fruiting from bag
filled with wheat straw. This bag is sold by Fungi
Perfecti as a mushroom kit.

Figure 166. Bag culture of the Oyster mushroom
(Pleurotus ostreatus).

Column Culture

Growing Oyster mushrooms in columns

gives rise to natural-looking fruitbodies. Hav-

ing evolved on the vertical surfaces of

hardwood trees, Oyster mushrooms with their
off-centered, stems, grow out horizontally at
first, turn, and grow upright at maturity. This
often results in the formation of highly desirable clusters, or "bouquets' of Oyster
mushrooms. The advantages of cropping clus-

ters from columns are that many young

mushrooms form from a common site, allowing 1/4 to 1 lb. clusters to be picked with no
further need for trimming, yields of succulent
young mushrooms are maximized while spore
load is minimized, harvesting is far faster than
picking mushrooms individually, and the clusters store far better under refrigeration than

Figure 165. Bag culture of the Button musflroom
(Agaricus brunnescens).


gravity-is called

This response-to grow against
"negative geotropism". See Badham (1985).

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