Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
CROPPING CONTAINERS

197

ease of use. When holes are punched through
the plastic, mushrooms emerge soon thereafter.
Opaque, black bags encourage photosensitive
strains of mushrooms to form only where the
holes allow light exposure. Clear bags stimu-

late maximum populations of mushroom
primordia but often times primordia form all over.
Cultivators must remove the appressing plastic or

selectively release colonies of primordia with
sharp blades to insure crop maturity. However,
many cultivators overcome this problem by using
select Oyster strains that localize primordial clus-

ters at exactly the puncture sites. By punching

dozens of holes with stainless steel, four-

Figure 162. The hinged wall-frame—two trays

bladed, arrowheads, large bouquets of
mushrooms are encouraged to form. From the
force of the enlarging mushrooms, the flaps are
pushed opened. This method has many advantages and is highly recommended.

latched together in the center. Mushrooms fruit out
both sides. (Frame has been turned 90 degrees on
side for photograph.)

of cellophane is that mushroom mycelium digests it in the course of its use. With mushrooms

having such great potential for recycling
wastes, it is ironic that non-recyclable plastics
fill so critical a need amongst cultivators. Some
ingenious re-structuring of cellulose could satisfy this increasing market for the
environmentally sensitive.
Bag culture first became popular for the Button mushroom industry and is still used to this
day. Inoculated compost is filled into and bags
topped with a soil-like casing layer. (See Figure
165. ) Individual bags are grouped on horizontal shelves. By preventing contact between the
mycelium and the wooden shelves, contamination, especially from the wood-loving
Trichoderma and Botrytis molds, is minimized.
Many growers favor plastic bags for their

Figure 163. Primordial cluster of Oyster mushroom
emerging through hole in plastic.

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