Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables






Cropping Containers


hoosing the "best" type of cropping container depends upon a

number of variables: the mushroom species; the cultivator; and
the equipment/facility at hand. White Button growers typically grow
in trays made of either wood or metal. Facilities designed for growing Button mushrooms (Agaricus species) encounter many difficulties

in their attempts to adapt to the cultivation of the so-called exotic
mushrooms. For instance, most Oyster mushrooms have evolved on
the vertical surfaces of trees, and readily form eccentrically attached
stems. These species, with few exceptions, perform poorly on the
horizontal trays designed for the Agaricus industry. Because Oyster
mushrooms require healthy exposure to light, the darkened, densepacked tray system gives rise to unnatural-looking, trumpet-shaped
Oyster mushrooms. This is not to say that Oyster strains can not be
grown en masse in trays. However, many Oyster strains perform better, in my opinion, in columns, vertical racks, or bags. After taking
into account all the variables, cultivators must decide for themselves

the best marriage between species and cropping container. Please
consult Chapter 21 for specific recommendations for the cultivation
of each species.

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