Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
MUSHROOMS, CIVILIZATION & HISTORY
Immortality (1976) where he postulated that the
mysterious SOMA in the Vedic literature, a red
fruit leading to spontaneous enlightenment for
those who ingested it, was actually a mushroom.
The Vedic symbolism carefully disguised its true
identity: Amanita muscaria, the hallucinogenic

3

Fly Agaric. Many cultures portray Amanita
muscaria as the archetypal mushroom. Al-

apparently in good humor.
Upon arriving at the temple, they gathered
in the initiation hall, a great telestrion. Inside
the temple, pilgrims sat in rows that descended
step-wise to a hidden, central chamber from
which a fungal concoction was served. An odd
feature was an array of columns, beyond any
apparent structural need, whose designed pur-

though some Vedic scholars disagree with his

pose escapes archaeologists. The pilgrims

interpretation, Wasson's exhaustive research still
stands. (See Brough (1971) andWasson (1972)).

spent the night together and reportedly came

Aristotle, Plato, Homer, and Sophocles all
participated in religious ceremonies at Eleusis
where an unusual temple honored Demeter,
the Goddess of Earth. For over two millennia,

with pillars, ceremonies occurred, known by
historians as the Eleusinian Mysteries. No rev-

thousands of pilgrims journeyed fourteen miles
from Athens to Eleusis, paying the equivalent
of a month's wage for the privilege of attend-

ment or death. These ceremonies continued
until repressed in the early centuries of the

ing the annual ceremony. The pilgrims were
ritually harassed on their journey to the temple,

away forever changed. In this pavilion crowded

elation of the ceremony's secrets could be
mentioned under the punishment of imprison-

Christian era.
In 1977, at a mushroom conference on the
Olympic Peninsula, R. Gordon Wasson, Albert

Figures 3, 4, 5. Meso-American mushroom stones, circa 300 years B.C., from the Pacific slope of Guatemala.

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