Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000


1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide


I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables





cine for treating wounds. Further, a rich tea
with immuno-enhancing properties can be prepared by boiling these mushrooms. Equipped
for traversing the wilderness, this intrepid adventurer had discovered the value of the noble
polypores. Even today, this knowledge can be
life-saving for anyone astray in the wilderness.

Fear of mushroom poisoning pervades
every culture, sometimes reaching phobic extremes. The term mycophobic describes those

individuals and cultures where fungi are

looked upon with fear and loathing.
Mycophobic cultures are epitomized by the
English and Irish. In contrast, mycoph i/ic so-

cieties can be found throughout Asia and
eastern Europe, especially amongst Polish,

Figure 2. Cruz Stamets Ii
Mushroom Stone, circa 500 B.C.

Russian and Italian peoples. These societies
have enjoyed a long history of mushroom use,
with as many as a hundred common names to
describe the mushroom varieties they loved.
The use of mushrooms by diverse cultures

The oldest archaeological record of mushroom use is probably a Tassili image from a
cave dating back 5000 years B. C. (Figure 1).
The artist's intent is clear. Mushrooms with
electrified auras are depicted outlining a dancing shaman. The spiritual interpretation of this

was intensively studied by an investment banker
named R. Gordon Wasson. His studies concen-

image transcends time and is obvious. No won-

mushrooms in Mesoamerica, and on Amanita
mushrooms in Euro-AsialSiberia. Wasson's
studies spanned a lifetime marked by a passionate love for fungi. His publications include:
Mushrooms, Russia, & History; The Wondrous
Mushroom: Mycolatry in Mesoamerica; Maria

der that the word "bemushroomed" has
evolved to reflect the devout mushroom lover's
state of mind.

In the spring of 1991, hikers in the Italian
Alps came across the well-preserved remains
of a man who died over 5300 years ago, approximately 1700 years later than the Tassili
cave artist. Dubbed the "Iceman" by the news
media, he was well-equipped with a knapsack,
flint axe, a string of dried Birch Polypores
(Piptoporus hetulinus) and another as yet unidentified mushroom. The polypores can be
used as tinder for starting fires and as medi-

trated on the use of mushrooms by
Mesoamerican, Russian, English and Indian
cultures. With the French mycologist, Dr. Roger
Heim, Was son published research on Psilocybe

Sabina and her Mazatec Mushroom Velada; and

Persephone 's Quest: Entheogens and the Origins of Religion. More than any individual of
the 20th century, Wasson kindled interest in
ethnomycology to its present state of intense
study. Wasson died on Christmas Day in 1986.
One of Wasson's most provocative findings
can be found in Soma: Divine Mushroom of

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