Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
THE STOCK CULTURE LIBRARY

109

Figure 87. Rhizomorphic mycelium diverging from
cottony mycelium soon after spore germination.

Figure 88. Classic rhizomorphic mycelium.

medium's surface.

tive quality, resembling the surface of silk.
3. Cottony: This type of mycelium is com-

2. Rhizomorphic: Often similar to linear
mycelium, rhizomorphic mycelium is often
called"ropey". In fact, rhizomorphic mycelium
is composed of braided, twisted strands, often
of varying diameters. Rhizomorphic mycelium
supports primordia. Its presence is encouraged
by selecting these zones for further transfer. The
disappearance of rhizomorphs is an indication

of loss of vigor. Lion's Mane (Hericium
erinaceus), the King Stropharia (Stropharia
rugoso-annulata), the Button Mushrooms
(Agaricus brunnescens, Agaricus bitorquis),

mon with strains of Oyster Mushrooms
(Pleurotus species), Shaggy Manes (Coprinus

comatus), and Hen-of-the-Woods (Grifola
frondosa). Looking like tufts of cotton, the
mycelium is nearly aerial in its growth. Cottony

mycelium is commonly called tomentose by
mycologists. When a rhizomorphic mycelium
degenerates with age, tomentose formations
typically take over.
4. Zonate: Cottony mycelium often shows

the Magic Mushrooms (Psilocybe cubensis and

concentric circles of dense and light growth,
or zones. Zonate mycelium is often character-

Psilocybe cyanescens), and the Clustered

istic of natural changes in the age of the

Woodlovers (Hypholoma capnoides and H.

mycelium. The newest mycelium, on the periphery of the culture, is usually light in color.
The more-aged mycelium, towards the center
of the culture, becomes strongly pigmented.

subiateritium) are examples of mushrooms producing classically rhizomorphic mycelia. Some
types of rhizomorphic mycelia take on a reflec-

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