Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms

Paul Stamets. Growing gourmet and medical mushrooms. - Ten Speed Press, 2000

Содержание

1. Mushrooms, Civilization and History

2. The Role of Mushrooms in Nature

3.Selecting a Candidate for Cultivation

4. Natural Culture: Creating Mycological Landscapes

5. The Stametsian Model: Permaculture with a Mycological Twist

6. Materials fo rFormulating a Fruiting Substrate

7. Biological Efficiency: An Expression of Yield

8. Home-made vs. Commercial Spawn

9. The Mushroom Life Cycle

10. The Six Vectors of Contamination

11. Mind and Methods for Mushroom Culture

12. Culturing Mushroom Mycelium on Agar Media

13. The Stock Culture Library: A Genetic Bank of Mushroom Strains

14. Evaluating a Mushroom Strain

15. Generating Grain Spawn

16. Creating Sawdust Spawn

17. Growing Gourmet Mushrooms on Enriched Sawdust

18. Cultivating Gourmet Mushrooms on Agricultural Waste Products

19. Cropping Containers

20. Casing: A Topsoil Promoting Mushroom Formation

21. Growth Parameters for Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom Species

Spawn Run: Colonizing the Substrate

Primordia Formation: The Initiation Strategy

Fruitbody (Mushroom) Development

The Gilled Mushrooms

The Polypore Mushrooms of the Genera Ganoderma, Grifola and Polyporus

The Lion’s Mane of the Genus Hericium

The Wood Ears of the Genus Auricularia

The Morels: Land-Fish Mushrooms of the Genus Morchella

The Morel Life Cycle

22. Maximizing the Substrate’s Potential through Species Sequencing

23. Harvesting, Storing, and Packaging the Crop for Market

24. Mushroom Recipes: Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labors

25. Cultivation problems & Their Solutions: A Troubleshoting guide

Appendices

I. Description of Environment for a Mushroom Farm

II. Designing and Building A Spawn Laboratory

III. The Growing Room: An Environment for Mushroom Formation & Development

IV. Resource Directory

V. Analyses of Basic Materials Used in Substrate Preparation

VI. Data Conversion Tables

Glossary

Bibliography

Acknowledgments

OCR
CHAPTER

13

The Stock Culture Library:
A Genetic Bank of
Mushroom Strains

E

very sexually reproducing organism on this planet is limited in

the number of its cell replications. Without further recombination of genes, cell lines decline in vigor and eventually die. The same
is true with mushrooms. When one considers the exponential expan-

sion of mycelial mass, from two microscopic spores into tons of
mycelium in a matter of weeks, mushroom mycelium cell division
potential far exceeds that of most organisms. Nevertheless, strains
die and, unless precautions have been taken, the cultures may never
be retrieved.
Once a mushroom strain is taken into culture, whether from spores
or tissue, the resultant strains can be preserved for decades under
normal refrigeration, perhaps centuries under liquid nitrogen. In the
field of mycology, cultures are typically stored in test tubes. Test tubes
are filled with media, sterilized and laid at a 15-20 degree angle on a
table to cool. (Refer to Chapter 12 for making sterilized media.) These
are called test tube slants. Once inoculated, these are known as culture slants.

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