On Baptism, Against The Donatists

The Seven Books of Augustin, Bishop of Hippo, On Baptism, Against the Donatists

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Philip Schaff

another, I am of Apollos; are ye not men?"1173 For of these he says above: "Now I beseech you,
brethren, by the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye all speak the same thing, and that there be
no divisions among you; but that ye be perfectly joined together in the same mind, and in the same
judgment. For it hath been declared unto me of you, my brethren, by them which are of the house
of Chlöe, that there are contentions among you. Now this I say, that every one of you saith, I am
of Paul, and I of Apollos, and I of Cephas, and I of Christ. Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified
for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul?"1174 These, therefore, if they continued in the
same perverse obstinacy, were doubtless indeed born, but yet would not belong by the bond of
peace and unity to the very Church in respect of which they were born. Therefore she herself bears
them in her own womb and in the womb of her handmaids, by virtue of the same sacraments, as
though by virtue of the seed of her husband. For it is not without meaning that the apostle says
that all these things were done by way of figure. 1175 But those who are too proud, and are not joined
to their lawful mother, are like Ishmael, of whom it is said, "Cast out this bond-woman and her
Son: for the son of the bond-woman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac."1176 But those
who peacefully love the lawful wife of their father, whose sons they are by lawful descent, are like
the sons of Jacob, born indeed of handmaids, but yet receiving the same inheritance.1177 But those
who are born within the family, of the womb of the mother herself, and then neglect the grace they
have received, are like Isaac’s son Esau, who was rejected, God Himself bearing witness to it, and
saying, "I loved Jacob, and I hated Esau;"1178 and that though they were twin-brethren, the offspring
of the same womb.

Chapter 11.—15. They ask also, "Whether sins are remitted in baptism in the party of Donatus:"
so that, if we say that they are remitted, they may answer, then the Holy Spirit is there; for when
by the breathing of our Lord the Holy Spirit was given to the disciples, He then went on to say,
"Baptize all nations in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost."1179 Whose
soever sins ye remit, they are remitted unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are
retained."1180 And if it is so, they say, then our communion is the Church of Christ; for the Holy
Spirit does not work the remission of sins except in the Church. And if our communion is the

1173

1 Cor. iii. 1-4.

1174

1 Cor. i. 10-13.

1175

1 Cor. x. 11. In figura; τυπικῶς; A.V., "for ensamples."

1176

Gen. xxi. 10.

1177

Gen. xxx. 3.

1178

Mal. i. 2, 3; Gen xxv. 24.

1179

Matt. xxviii. 19.

1180

John xx. 23.

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