On Baptism, Against The Donatists

The Seven Books of Augustin, Bishop of Hippo, On Baptism, Against the Donatists

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Philip Schaff

Chapter 13.—20. Januarius of Lambæse1625 said: "Following the authority of the holy Scriptures,
I pronounce that all heretics should be baptized, and so admitted into the holy Church."1626
21. To him we answer, that, following the authority of the holy Scriptures, a universal Council
of the whole world decreed that the baptism of Christ was not to be disavowed even when found
among heretics. But if he had brought forward any proof from the Scriptures, we should have
shown either that they were not against us, or even that they were for us, as we proceed to do with
him who follows.

Chapter 14.—22. Lucius of Castra Galbæ1627 said: "Since the Lord hath said in His gospel,
‘Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savor, that which is salted from it shall be
thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men;’1628 and seeing
that again, after His resurrection, when sending forth His apostles, He commanded them, saying,
‘All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth: go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing
them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost,’1629—since then it is plain
that heretics, that is, the enemies of Christ, have not the full confession of the sacrament, also that
schismatics cannot reason with spiritual wisdom, since they themselves, by withdrawing when they
have lost their savor from the Church, which is one, have become contrary to it,1630 let that be done
which is written, ‘The houses of those that are opposed to the law must needs be cleansed;’1631 and
it therefore follows that those who have been polluted by being baptized by men opposed to Christ
should first be cleansed, and only then baptized."1632
23. Lucius of Castra Galbæ has brought forward a proof from the gospel, in the words of the
Lord, "Ye are the salt of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savor, that which is salted from it
shall be good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men;" just as though

1625

Lambæse (Lambese) was one of the chief cities in southern Numidia. This Januarius is not unlikely identical with the
first of that name in Cypr. Ep. lxvii., and with the one of Epp. lxii. and lxx. For an opponent of Cyprian in Lambese, see Cypr.
Epp. xxxvi. and lix.

1626

Conc. Carth. sec. 6.

1627

Castra Galbæ was most likely in Numidia. Lucius as bishop occurs in Cypr. Epp. lxvii., lxx., lxxvi.and lxxvii., but it is
doubtful to which of the four of this name attendant on this council these references may apply.

1628

Matt. v. 13. "Id quod salietur ex eo, ad nihilum valebit."

1629

Matt. xxviii. 18, 19.

1630

Recedendo infatuati contrarii facti sunt. Dr. Routh from a Ms. in his own possession, inserts "et" after "infatuati."—"have
lost their savor and become contrary to the Church." Rel. Sac. iii. p. 194.

1631

Prov. xiv. 9, cp. LXX.

1632

Conc. Carth. sec. 7.

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