The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
C lossary/395

r

sector

radicate

dishes), the appearance of which contrasts with

A geometric growth of diverging my-

celium (most visible on media filled
Tapering downwards. Having

a

long root like extension of the stem.
reticulate Marked by lines or ridges.

rhizomorphs

Cord-like or strand-like

hyphae.

petri

that of neighboring mycelia, usually indicative
of genetic mutation.

secondary mycelium A dikaryotic and binucleate mycelium characterized by clamp
connections,

crossing

(anastomosis),

and

which is assimilative, not generative, in function.

senescent

S

Having walls dividing cells.

septate

SACing

Nutrient supplementation of bulk

substrates at the time of casing.

saprophyte A plant (fungus) that lives on

Having grown old.

sinuate Describing the attachment of the
mushroom gill to the stem at the junction of
which the gill appears notched.

dead organic matter.

somatic

saltation The mutation developing from an
isolate of mycelium having a known pure

sordid

Dirty looking.

genotype.

spawn

The aggregation of mycelium on a

scanning electron microscope

carrier material which is usually used to inoculate prepared substrates.

An electronic microscope which scans an object in a
vacuum with a beam of electrons resulting in
an image of high resolution and magnification
that is then displayed on a television-type monitor.

sclerotium

(p1.

sclerofia)

A

hardened

mass of mycelium, usually darkly pigmented,
that is the resting (vegetative) phase in some
fleshy and non-fleshy fungi, and from which
fruitbodies or viable mycelium can arise.

scratching

Ruffling of the substrate or casing surface in order to maintain an open, porous condition conducive to primordia formation.

seceding

Describing the condition where

the gills have separated in their attachment to
the mushroom stem and have torn free, usually

leaving longitudinal ridges at the stem's

apex.

Being in the assimilative phase of
mycelial growth.

spores The reproductive cells or "seeds" of
fungi, bacteria, and plants.

sporocarps

Any fruitbody that produces

spores.

sterigmata (p1. sferigmatae) Elongated appendages or "arms" extending from the apex
of the basidium and upon which spores form.
stipe

The stem or stalk of a fungus.

strain A race of individuals within a species
sharing a common genetic heritage but differing in some observable features of no taxonomic significance.

stroma A dense, cushion-like aggregation
of mycelium forming on the surface of composts or casings and indicative of somatic
(vegetative), not generative growth.

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