The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Glossary/393
The amount of the flow of light emitted from a single international foot candle.

lumen

The amount of illumination received by
a surface one meter from 1 foot candle, equal
to 1 lumen/square meter.

lux

body of tissue in which sexual spores are produced and from which they are distributed.

mycelium

(p1.

mycelia)

A network of

hyphae.

mycology The study of fungi.
mycophagist A person or animal that eats

m

fungi.

macroscopic Visible to the unaided eye.
matting

A condition of a mycelium casingrun that has become appressed from overwatering. Similar to overlay except that matting
infers the mycelium has formed a dense, dead
layer of cells on the casing's surface.

meiosis The process of reduction division
by which a single cell with a diploid nucleus
subdivides into four cells with one haploid
nucleus apiece.

membranous Being sheath-like in form.
mesophile An organism thriving in moderate temperature zones, usually 40-90°F.
metuloid Used to describe a sterile cell encrusted with a crystalline (calcitized) substance.

micron

mushroom A fleshy fungus that erects a

One millionth of a meter,

1

meters, one thousandth of a millimeter.

microscopic Visible only with the aid of a

mycophile a person who likes mushrooms.
mycophobe a person who fears mushrooms.

mycorrhizal

A peculiar type of symbiotic

relationship a mushroom mycelium forms with
the roots of a seed plant, typically trees.

n
nanometer

10

meters, one thousandth of

a micron.

natural culture

The in vitro cultivation of

mushrooms by transplanting living mycelium,
usually from a natural habitat.

nomenclature Any system of classification.
nucleate Having nuclei
nucleotide One of the four nitrogenous

microscope.
mitosis The non-sexual process of nuclear
division in a cell by which the chromosomes of
one nucleus are replicated and divided equally
into two daughter nuclei.

bases in DNA; often called the building blocks
of the DNA molecule.

monkaryon, monocaryon (ad]. monokaryotic, monocaryotic) The haploid state of

reproduction and continuation of genetic mate-

the mushroom mycelium, typically containing
a single nucleus.
mottled Spotted, as in the uneven ripening
of spores on the gill surfaces that so characterizes species in the genus Panaeolus.

nucleus, nuclei A concentrated mass of differentiated protoplasm in cells containing chromosomes and playing an integral role in the
rial.

0
obtuse

Bluntly shaped.

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