The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
390/Glossary

carpophoroid Analagous to

fruitbody,
although usually a poorly differentiated mass of
tissue,
sterile.

a

not well developed ("aborted") and

conditioning

The

final

conversion

of

mushroom compost by selected microbial
groups.

conic Shaped like a cone.
conidia A uninucleate exteriorly borne cell

cartilaginous Brittle, not pliant.
casing A layer of water retentive materials

formed by constriction of the conidiophore.

applied to a substrate to encourage and enproduction.
hance

from mycelium upon which conidia are borne.

caulocystidia

Sterile

cells

covering

the

mushroom stem.

Composed of globose to rounded
cells, not thread-like.
cespitose Growing clustered, appearing to

cellular

arise from a single base.

cheilocystidia Sterile cells on the mushroom gill edge, sometimes called marginal
cystidia.

chlamydospores A thick walled spore, typically of a secondary type, that arises directly
from the mycelium and having the full complement of chromosomes for producing off-

spring. Chiamydospores are typically ovoid
and heat resistant.

conidiophore A specialized

stalk arising

conidium (p1. conidia) An asexual spore
formed by the constriction of hyphae to chains
of cells.
context The flesh of a mushroom.
convex Regularly rounded.
Coprinaceae A family of mushrooms containing the genera Coprinus, Panaeolus and
Psathyrella.

coprophilous Growing on dung.
cortinate A type of veil consisting of fine
cobweb-like threads of tissue, extending from
the mushroom cap margin to the stem.

cropping

The time of mushroom forma-

tion, development and harvesting.

The surface of cells on the cap that
can undergo varying degrees of differentiation.

cuticle
chrysocystidia

A type of cystidia that

is

highly refractive in once dried tissue revived
with a potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution
and appearing as a yellowish brown amor-

Microscopic sterile cells adorning
the mushroom fruitbody.

cystidia

phous mass within the cell.

clamp connection

An elbow-like protuberance which arches over the walls separating

cells in mated (dikaryotic) mycelia of some
mushroom species.

compost A biological matrix of microorganisms combined with straw, manure and other

organic substances and designed for mushroom fruitbody production.

concolorous

Having the same color.

d
decurrent

The attachment of the gill plates
to the stem of mushrooms where the gills are
markedly downcurved, partially extending
down the stem.

decurved Curving in a downwards fashion.
deciduous Describing trees that seasonally
shed their leaves.

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