The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Appendix VI: Ana'yses of Materia!s/381

M atetlal
Rice bran

Rice grain, or rough rice
Rice polishings, or rice polish
Rubber seed oil meal

Fat
Total dry Protein
matter
Per ct. Per ci. Per Ct.

89.5
90.4
88.6
90.6
90.2

1.7

16.1

3.3

11.2
16.5
16.6

3.5
3.4

Rye middlings and screenings
Safflower seed
Safflower seed oil meal, from hulled seed
Safflower-seed oil meal from unhulled seed
Sagrain sorghum grain

90.4 16.7

3.8

Screenings, grain, good grade
Screenings, grain, chaffy
Schrock sorghum grain
Sesame oil meal

90.0
91.5

Rye flour middlings
Rye middlings

1.3

16.3 29.8
91.0 38.0 6.8
91.0 18.2 5.5
90.0 9.5 3.5
93.1

89.1

15.8
14.3
10.2

Sesbania seed

Shallu grain
Shallu head chops
Shark meal
Shrimp meal
Skimmilk, centrifugal

89.8
90.5
91.2
89.7
9.5

13.4
12.7
74.5
46.7
3.6

Skimmilk, gravity
Skimmilk, dried
Sorghum seed, sweet

10.1

3.6
1.2
34.7
9.5
3.3
37.9 18.0
47.9 6.7

Soybean flour, medium in fat
Soybean flour, solvent extracted
Soybean mill feed, chiefly hulls
Soybean oil meal, expeller or hydraulic
process, all analyses
Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
44-45% protein guarantee
Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
43% protein guarantee

Soybean oil meal, exp. or hydr. process,
41% protein guarantee
Soybean oil meal, solvent process
Starfish meal
Sudan-grass seed
Sunflower seed

Sunflower seed, hulled
Sunflower-seed oil cake, from unhulled seed,
solvent process

Per ci.

Per ci.

Total

C alcium

Phos-

Per Ct.

phorus
Per ci.

Per ci.

94.2
89.2
90.0
92.9

2.4 70.9
4.6 62.7
0.6 74.6
4.2 63.1
5.2 61.2

Nitrogen

Per ci.

Potas-

six,,,
Per ci.

6.1

59.5

26.6 17.5
21.0 17.0
40.4 24.1
2.1

73.4

1.9 0.10 0.33 2.02 0.47
3.7 0.08 0.69 2.58 0.83
0.9 0.02 0.28 1 ½79 0.46

2.64 —
3.3 —
0.44 2.66 0.63
3.8

4.3
2.9
8.2
2.8






3.7
3.5
2.7
2.8
0.1






2.67




2.53
2.29




1.63



2.61

6.08

2.91
1.5 0.43 0.39 1.52

5.2
9.2 54.3 5.5 —
8.4 —
4.4 18.3 46.1
1.7

3.0 3.4 70.8
9.4 6.2 22.8 12.5 2.02
3.3
4.3 13.5 38.0

93.7 42.8
90.8 31.7

Soybean seed

N-free

extract m inerals

90.9 12.5 13.5 12.0 39.4 13.5 0.08 1.36 2.00 1.08
9.0 64.9 5.2 0.08 0.32 1.26 0.34
1.8
88.8 7.9
89.8 12.8 13.2 2.8 51.4 9.6 0.04 1.10 2.04 1.17

4.61
9.2 10.0 37.6
5.5
91.1 28.8
12.6

Rye grain
Rye feed
Rye flour

Fiber

1.61









6.84 1.35
5.07 —

1.9 68.9
9.2 61.9
0.5
11.1
0
0


2.14 —
1.9


2.03 —
3.2

13.5 3.48 1.92 12.69 —
0

7.47 —
1.3 27.8
0.7 0.13 0.10 0.58 0.15
5.1

5.0

0.2 50.3
2.0 72.8
5.0 24.5
2.4 29.9
2.6 33.0

0.7 0.13
7.8 1.30
1.6 0.02
4.6 0.25
6.0

6.6
4.2

0.10 0.58 0.15
1.03 5.56 1.46
0.28

1 .52 0.37

0.59 6.06 1.50


7.66






7.76



91.5 48.5
90.8 11.8

0.8
2.7 34.0 38.1

90.0 44.3

5.3

5.7 29.6

6.0 0.29 0.66 7.09 1.77

91.3 45.4

5.3

5.4 29.3

5.9 0.31

91.2 44.6

5.3

5.8 29.4

6.1

90.9
90.6
96.5
92.4
93.6

1.89

0.68 7.26 1.92

0.30 0.67 7.14



5.7 29.7 6.0 0.26 0.59 7.07 —
5.3
5.9 31.8 5.8 0.30 0.66 7.38 1.92
1.0
— 490 —
5.8
1.9 14.3 43.9 —
30.6

2.27

2.4 25.4 38.4 12.0 —
14.2
0.55 2.69 0.66

3.1
16.8 25.9 29.0 18.8
44.2
46.1

95.5 27.7 41 .4
89.2



19.6

1.1

6.3 16.3

35.9 27.0

3.8 0.20 0.96 4.43 0.92
5.6





3.14



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