The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
372/Appendix VI: Analyses of Materials
Total dry Protein

Material

Per

Per Ct.

89.1
89.1

14.3
13.0

Lespedeza hay, annual, after bloom
Lespedeza hay, perennial
Lespedeza leaves, annual
Lespedeza stems, annual
Lespedeza straw

89.1

11.5

89.0 13.2
89.2 17.1
89.2 8.3
90.0 6.8

Millet hay, Japanese

91.2
90.2
87.6
90.3
86.8

Millet hay, pearl, or cat-tail
Millet straw
Milo fodder
Milo sfover
Mint hay

6.7
87.2
90.0 3.8
88.5 8.0
91.0 3.2
88.3 12.7

Mixed hay, good, less than 30% legumes
Mixed hay, good, more than 30% legumes
Mixed hay, cut very early
Napier grass hay

88.0 8.3
88.0 9.2
90.0 13.3
8.2
89.1
7.4
90.2

Millet hay, hog millet, or proso

Natal grass hay

Native hay, western mt. states, good quality
Native hay, western mf. states, mature and
weathered

Fiber

N-free

9.2
7.7
8.2
9.3
8.3

Per ci.

Per ct.

Per Ct.

2.7 22.7 43.0
1.8 26.5 42.7
1.9 32.6 38.6
1.7 26.5 42.7
2.9 19.7 43.1

1.0 38.5
2.3 29.2 47.1
2.8 30.9 43.4
2.3 28.2 44.3
2.7 25.3 44.7
2.2 23.9 47.6
1.6 27.7 40.8
1.7 33.0 36.8
1.6 37.5
3.3 21.9 48.4
1.1

29.1

48.1

20.3 45.6
1.8 30.7 41.8

2.1

90.0

8.1

90.0

3.9
7.2
9.3
5.9

1.4 33.6 43.6
2.0 30.8 41.9
2.7 29.9 45.3
2.4 25.7 46.3

8.2
6.6
4.5

2.7 28.1 42.2

4.1

Needle grass hay (Sfipa, spp.)
Oak leaves, live oak, dried
Oaf chaff
Oaf hay

88.1

Oaf hay, wild (Avena fafua)
Oat hulls
Oaf straw
Oat grass hay, tall

92.5
92.8
89.7
88.7

93.8
91.8

Phos-

Per ci.

phorus
Per ct.

Per Ct.

Nitrogen
Per ct

Potas.

siun,
Per ci.

6.4 1.04 0.19 2.29 1(36
5.1

1.02 0.18 2.08 0.94

4.5 0.90
4.9 0.92
6.4 1.30
3.7 0.64
4.6



4.9
7.7




0.15 1.84 0.82
0.22 2.11 0.98
0.20 2.74 0.92
0.13 1.33 0.89

1.09 —


1 .47



1.23



6.7 0.29 0.16

1.31

1.70

7.3





1.49

8.4 0.20



1.33 2.10

9.0



1.07







5.5 0.08 — 0.61 1.44
6.9 0.35 0.18 1.28 —

9.5 0.58
7.6 1.51

0.19



5.4 0.61 0.18 1.33 1.47
0.90 0.19 1.47 1.46

2.13


9.3

5.0 0.45 0.29
6.8 0.39 0.12

1.18



1.30



7.5
6.2
6.6

0.62
1.15
1.49





11 .5












1.31





0.80 0.30 0.94 0.86

6.9 0.21 0.19
6.8 0.22 0.25

1.31 0.83

1 .06

2.2 36.1 41.0
2.4 30.1 42.7

6.3 0.19

0.66 1.35

7.7
8.3
4.6

2.9 30.5 40.7
2.3 29.5 44.9
0.9 33.6 44.5

6.8 0.19

90.0 20.3

3.6 19.7 38.7

7.7 0.58 0.32 3.25 2.18

7.5

2.6 32.5 44.0
1.3 29.7 50.8

Orchard grass hay, early-cut
Picnic grass hay (Panicum, spp.)
Para grass hay
Pasture grasses and clovers, mixed, from
closely grazed, fertile pasture, dried
(northern states)
Pasture grasses, mixed, from poor to fair
pasture, before heading out, dried

88.6

90.0 14.1

2.3 19.4 43.2

Pasture grass, western plains, growing, dried
Pasture grass, western plains, mature, dried
Pasture grass, western plains, mature and

90.0 11.6

weathered

Calcium

1.9 28.1 42.8

2.7 25.3 39.4
1.8 34.0 34.6
1.8 36.8 39.2
2.1 29.8 43.2

88.1

Total

extract minerals

Lespedeza hay, annual, before bloom
Lespedeza hay, annual, in bloom

Lovegrass hay, weeping
Marsh or swamp hay, good quality
Millet hay, foxtail varieties

Fat

matter

92.1

90.2

0.20 0.10 0.78 0.48

6.0





0.14

1.36

0.17 1.23
1.33

1.61


0.35 0.35 0.74 1.44

11.0

0.12 2.26 0.74


4.6

2.5 28.0 40.2
2.3 31.9 45.3

7.7 0.37 024 1.86

90.0

0.34 0.14 0.74



90.0

3.3

1.8 34.1 44.5

6.3

0.09 0.53



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