The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
358/Appendix IV: Extracts to Induce Primordia Formation
compounds—cyclic adenosine monophosphate (c AMP) and related enzymes. They further found
that light stimulated the production of c AMP in the mycelium of phototropic mushroom species.
Conversely, the absence of light in phototropic mushroom species resulted in no production of c
AMP.
Wood (1 979) tried to substantiate the findings of Uno and Ishikawa with Agaricus brunnescens
and failed. He could not induce primordia to form using c AMP. However, this fact does not bear
any significance on the importance of cyclic adenosine monophosphate in phototropic species
since A. brunnescens is a mushroom needing no light whatsoever for primordia formation and development.
The question of how mushrooms fruit is not simple; nor will there be one answer explaining the
mechanisms in all species. What is apparent at this early stage of research is that photosensitive and
non-photosensitive species have developed different means for mushroom development. The infor-

mation most useful for home and commercial cultivators will come in the areas of yield enhancement and the growing of exotic mushrooms on readily available, cheap materials. By good fortune,
this is one area of research that is not beyond the means of the innovative home cultivator.

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