The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/350]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
328/Pests of Mushroom Culture

MUSHROOM MITES
Mites are very small spider-like insects that live and breed in decomposing vegetable matter,
feeding on molds present therein. Optimum breeding environments are moist and warm, giving
rise to a rapid succession of generations and exponential growth. Under adverse conditions certain mites have the ability to change into an intermediate stage called a "hypopus". The hypopae
have flattened bodies, short stubby legs and a sucker plate with which they attach to moving objects. These attributes facilitate dispersal. An excellent survival mechanism, it is the hypopae that
are commonly carried by flies. A typical life cycle for mites in days is:
Larvae

Protonymph

Tritonymph

6

2

13

8

2
6

3

11

11

36

Temperature

Eggs

75°F.
60°F.

Total

Mites are known to eat mushrooms and their mycelia. Additionally they devalue the crop and
crawl onto pickers, causing temporary discomfort. Their presence is an indication of unsatisfactory substrate preparation and insufficient pasteurization times and/or temperatures.

Figure 235

Straw mites.

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