The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/349]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Pests of Mushroom Culture/327

Figure 234 Wing venation of mushroom flies: clockwise from top right, Leptocera,
Sciarid, Cecid and Phorid.

Order: Dipt era
Family: Sphaeroceridae (Borboridae)
Genus/Species: Leptocera heteroneura
Natural Habitat: Associated with manure, compost piles and decaying organic matter.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS:

Mature Stage: Leptocera has large red compound eyes and with a yellow and black striped abdomen. Leptocera flies are very similar to phorid flies but are smaller and have a distinctive wing
venation. They somewhat resemble the common fruit fly.
Larval Stage: Larvae have a blunt posterior end tapering to a slender head which is equipped
with mouth hooks. Leptocera larvae are very similar to house fly maggots in appearance.
Pupal Stage: Pupae are golden brown and barrel shaped.

Life Cycle: Developmental Period in Days
Egg

Larva

Pupa

3

14-28

10-14

Comments: The Leptocera fly acts as a vector for disease organisms and is frequently associated
with bacterial infections. It is a known carrier of mites.

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