The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/278]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
256/The Mushroom Cultivator
1 944. The autoclavable antibiotic gentamycin is derived from a genus closely allied to Streptomyces,
the genus Micromonospora.

Comments: Streptomyces resemble both bacteria and fungi and are sometimes referred to as the
"higher bacteria." Streptomyces differ from Actinomyces in that their spores are produced on an
aerial chain-like structure and do not simply fragment from the hyphal network. Also, the filaments of
Sfreptomyces frequently branch whereas those of Actinomyces do not. The hyphal filaments of
Streptomyces are one fifth to one tenth as thick as that of true fungi.
Donoghue (1 962) reported that a Streptomyces contaminant initiated fruitbodies in spawn of
Agaricus bisporus, a species that does not normally form mushrooms on grain. Furthermore, he
observed that mycelia associated with Streptomyces grew faster and more luxuriantly than those not
infected with it. (For more information on the influence of bacteria on mycelial growth and fruiting,

turn to Appendix II.)
See also Actinomyces.
For more information consult: Kurylowicz, W. etal., 1971 in "Atlas of Spores of Selected Genera and
Species of Sfreptomycetaceae," University Park Press, Baltimore.

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