The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

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Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
Cultivation Problems and Their Solutions/22I
PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Grain jars difficult to shake.

Too much grain in container.

Reduce grain to recommended levels.

Too much water relative to

Follow recommended for-

grain.

mulas.

Measuring cups not accurate.

Calibrate measuring cups with
a graduated cylinder.

Introduction of alien spores
upon cooling.

Cool-down in sterile environment or in front of laminar
flow hood.

Survival of bacterial endospores despite autoclaving.

Replace source of grain or
presoak grain for 24 hours
before autoclaving.

Agar wedge sticks to glass
when grain jar is shaken.

Agar media too thin, either
from evaporation or from
shallow pouring,

Use mycelium covered media
before substantial evaporation
occurs. Pour more media into
each petri dish initially.

Little or no growth after my-

Grain too hot when inocu-

Allow to cool to room tern-

celial wedge has been trans-

lated.

perature before inoculating.

ferred.

Grain too dry.

Balance according to recommended recipes.

Mycelium not evenly distrib-

Vigorously shake spawn jar
after transfer of agar wedge
and again 3-5 days after inoculation.

Grain "spontaneously" contaminates before inoculating
or opening pressure cooker.

uted.

Incubated at wrong temperature.

pH wrong.

Wrong spawn medium.

See recommended spawn incubation temperatures in
Chap. Xl.
Buffer with calcium carbonate
according to species being
cultured.
Use media recommended for
that species.

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