The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home

Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983

: [url=http://txt.drevle.com/text/stamets-mushroom_cultivator-a_practical_guide-1983/242]Paul Stamets. The mushroom cultivator. A practical guide to growing mushrooms at home. - Agarikon press, 1983[/url]
 

Содержание

FOREWORD by Dr. Andrew Weil

PREFACE

I. INTRODUCTION TO MUSHROOM CULTURE

II. STERILE TECHNIQUE AND AGAR CULTURE

III. GRAIN CULTURE

IV. THE MUSHROOM GROWING ROOM

V. COMPOST PREPARATION

VI. NON-COMPOSTED SUBSTRATES

VII. SPAWNING AND SPAWN RUNNING IN BULK SUBSTRATES

VIII. THE CASING LAYER

IX. STRATEGIES FOR MUSHROOM FORMATION (PINHEAD INITIATION)

X. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS: SUSTAINING THE MUSHROOM CROP

XL GROWING PARAMETERS FOR VARIOUS MUSHROOM SPECIES

XII. CULTIVATION PROBLEMS AND THEIR SOLUTIONS: A TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE

XIII. THE CONTAMINANTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE: IDENTIFICATION AND CONTROL

XIV. THE PESTS OF MUSHROOM CULTURE

XV. MUSHROOM GENETICS

APPENDICES

GLOSSARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY

INDEX

PHOTOGRAPHY AND ILLUSTRATION CREDITS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

OCR
220/The Mushroom Cultivator
PROBLEM

CAUSE

SOLUTION

Contamination occurs around
point of transfer onto agar

Inoculum (spores or tissue)
contaminated,

Obtain "cleaner" spores or
take a tissue culture from a
fresher specimen, or inoculate

media.

as many plates as possible,
saving only those not becoming contaminated.

Inoculation tools not sterile.

Autoclave tools, soak in alcohol, flame sterilize before using.

Rhizomophic mycelia becomes cottony, slow growing.
Fruitings diminish. Strain appears to be degenerating.

Senescence, strain aging.

Retrieve stock cultures and reactivate a strain of known
vigor.

Alternate media so that gene
expression is not selected by
a limited chemical matrix.

Mutating. Sugar in media caramelized. Media containing

Cook agar media at lower
temp. and pressure, between

mutagens.

12 and 15 psi.
Add more agar or thoroughly
mix media before pouring

Insufficient jelling agent causing mycelium to grow subsurfacely and appear cottony.

petri dishes.

Grain Culture
Glass spawn jars broken
when pressure cooker is
opened.

Pressure cooker cooled too
rapidly. Change in temp. too

Allow cooker to descend to
room temp. gradually.

abrupt.

Jars too tightly packed.

Allow space so jars can expand.

Jars defective or cracked.

Check for cracks or defects.
Obtain new jars.

Wrong type of jars.

Replace with canning or autoclavable type.

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